Know About Culture, History, and Tourism of Kerala
Kerala has a rich history of culture and heritage. The culture of Kerala reflects the interaction of various communities. The state’s historic monuments include ancient Hindu temples with copper-clad roofs, later mosques with “Malabar gables”, and Baroque churches from the Portuguese colonial era. Many of the buildings and temples are adorned with intricate wood paintings, thematic murals, and outdoor and indoor lamps.
The state’s economy is based on agriculture, commerce, and services. The state has a very high per capita income and low levels of poverty compared to other parts of India. Most households have relatives working outside the state, and remittances from those families form about 20% of the state’s economy. In addition to rice and rubber, the state’s agricultural industry focuses on tea, coffee, and spices. Coconut plantations are also a significant part of the economy.
Kerala has many wonderful beaches, including the famous Kappad Beach, Marari Beach, and Thumpoly Beach in Alappuzha. Other beautiful beaches include Nattika Beach and Ponnani Beach in Thrissur. Kerala is also home to several wildlife sanctuaries including Periyar, Silent Valley National Park, and wildlife.
The state was once famous for its spice trade. During the Middle Ages, the region was divided into three powerful kingdoms. In the early modern era, the Portuguese discovered a direct sea route from Lisbon to Kozhikode, which marked the beginning of the European era in Kerala. Kerala is a unique destination for those looking to experience the culture and history of this state.
Kerala lacks major fossil fuel reserves, but it has a few other minerals. It has moderate deposits of titanium dioxide, and a rock called monazite (which is composed of cerium and thorium phosphates). Other minerals in Kerala include limestone, bauxite, and iron ores. The state is also known for its high-quality kaolin, which is used to make porcelain.
Kerala has a highly developed educational system. Its residents have some of the highest literacy rates in the country. There are primary, middle, and secondary schools, vocational training institutes, arts and sciences colleges, and polytechnic institutes. In addition, the state is home to several universities. The University of Kerala was founded in Thiruvananthapuram in 1937. Additionally, there are also universities in Kozhikode, Kochi, and Thrissur.
Most Keralites are bilingual, speaking at least two or three languages. Malayalam is the official language and is spoken by nearly all of the state’s population. Most people also understand Tamil and Hindi, although they are not as widespread. The most important government documents and signage are written in Malayalam. However, the staff members at these institutions speak English.
A well-developed railway and road network connect Kerala to neighboring states. National highways connect the state to Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The Palghat Gap railway connects the state to the north and south of the Western Ghats. Several ports handle coastal traffic, including Kochi and Neendakara. Kochi is also the regional headquarters of the Indian navy.